Saturday, 20 May 2017

Integrated Lighting

Architecturally integrated lighting is usually custom built by integrating cabinetry or trim with simple light fixtures, and includes coves, soffits, and valances. Coves distribute light upward; soffits distribute light downward; valances distribute light up and down. The fixtures used are typically linear fluorescent lamps (also called tubes) and lamp sockets or holders.  integrated lighting provides soft, diffuse ambient light that may need to be supplemented by task lighting. They are unobtrusive and can be incorporated into the interior design of a space.
·       Use architecturally integrated lighting in rooms with white or light coloured walls and ceilings.
·       Shield lamps that can be seen from normal viewing positions with baffles, louvers, or diffusers to limit glare.
·       Paint the inside surface of the shielding boards of site built fixtures white for highest reflection.
·       Arrange the light bulbs inside site-built architectural fixtures so that the light is distributed evenly. If using linear or compact fluorescent lamps, consider mounting them so that their ends overlap slightly, thus avoiding gaps in light distribution. If two rows of linear fluorescent lamps are used, stagger the ends of the lamps.
·       Coves direct light upward and use the ceiling as a reflector to distribute light indirectly throughout the room. Consider coves for rooms with high ceilings, including vaulted or cathedral ceilings, or with low ceilings (e.g. basements) to make the space seem less constricted. 
·       To prevent hot spots or excessive brightness on the ceiling, place the top of the cove at least 18 inches from the ceiling; position the base of the cove at least 6 feet, 8 inches above the floor. 
·        For kitchens without soffit enclosures above the upper wall cabinets, simple fluorescent lamp holders can be mounted on top of the cabinets and concealed from direct view with a trim board. This provides ambient lighting for the kitchen and it can be supplemented with under-cabinet fixtures or other task lighting.
·       Soffits, sometimes referred to as cornices, are architecturally integrated lighting that direct light downward only. They can produce dramatic lighting effects on walls, draperies, and murals. Soffit lighting produces a grazing effect that enhances textured surfaces such as wood, brick, and stucco. Soffits can be used in rooms with low ceilings, and can be integrated into cabinetry, particularly in kitchens and bathrooms where light is needed on countertops.
·       Valances direct light both up and down. Use linear fluorescent lamps in valances. Valance lighting can be used with ceiling heights of at least 8 feet, including vaulted or cathedral ceilings. Valance lighting is a good choice for living rooms, bedrooms, and kitchens. Consider a lower valance mounting height for lighting specific tasks such as reading in bed. The downlight component of a valance light is used to wall wash and can be used effectively above draperies. 
·       Seamless lighting is a clever way of lighting up a room. Perfect in a minimal design scheme this blends onto, or even into the walls and ceiling. Smart construction and simple installation allow lighting to be seamlessly recessed into surfaces.

Before you do start, keep in mind the following points –
·         The kind of human activity for which lighting is to be provided
·         The amount of light required
·         The colour of the light as it may affect the views of particular objects and the environment as a whole
·         The distribution of light within the space to be lighted, whether indoor or outdoor.
Interior and Landscape Designer

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